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NYMS of English

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We are going to have a look at a set of words that end with nym and also their meaning. These words indicate the kind or type of a word. To know more about such nuances of English Attend Spoken English classes in Chennai and gain more knowledge in the English language.

ACRONYM

Acronym  is an abbreviation formed from the initial letters of a series of words. These are basically the names of organizations. It is also known as Protogram or initialism.

Eg: ICC(INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL)

       IAS(INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE)

ANTONYM

Antonym is a pair of words that are opposite to each other in meaning. It indicates the extremes.

Eg: UP-DOWN

       PUSH-PULL

APTRONYM

Aptronym is the name of a person that matches its owner’s job or character. It can be either in reality or fiction.

Eg: Arctic explorer ADAM SNOW

       hairstylist DAN DRUFF

AUTOANTONYM

Autoantonym is a word that has two or more meanings. It is also known as Contranym.

Eg: BILL- invoice or money

       FAST- fixed firmly or moving quickly

AUTONYM

Autonym is a word that self explains its meaning. It also means as the real name of a person. Its another meaning is that a name by which a social group or race refers to itself.

Eg: 1. NOUN is a noun

BACRONYM

Bacronym is the reverse of producing an acronym like taking an existing word and creating a phrase.

Eg: BANANA(Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anybody)

CAPITONYM

Capitonym is a word that changes its meaning and pronunciation when it is capitalized.

Eg: polish-Polish

       concord-Concord

EPONYM

Eponym is that name from which another name or word is derived.

Eg: Romulus-Rome

EXONYM

Exonym is a place name used by foreigners that differ from the name used by natives.

Eg: Londres-London

       Deutschland-Germany

HETERONYM

Heteronym is one or two words that have the same spelling but different meaning.

Eg: Sewer, Row

HOMONYM

Homonym is one or two words that have the same spelling or pronunciation but are different in meaning.

Eg: right-wright

HYPONYM

Hyponym is a word that has a more specific meaning than another.

Eg: parrot is a hyponym to birds.

METONYM

Metonym is a word designates something by the name of something related to it.

Eg: Bottle-alcohol

METRONYM

Metronym is a name derived from the name of one’s mother.

ORONYM

Oronym is a string of words which is homophonic with another string of words.

Eg: Ice cream- I scream

PARONYM

Paronym is a word from the same root and usually a similar pronunciation

Eg: Beautiful-beauteous

PATRONYM

Patronym is a name derived from the name of one’s father.

PSEUDONYM

Pseudonym is an assumed named mostly by an author.

RETRONYM

Retronym is an adjective-noun pairing generated by a change in the meaning of the base noun as a result of technological advancement.

Eg: watch became pocket watch due to the invention of the wrist watch.

SYNONYM

Synonyms are those words that have the same meaning.

Eg: Take-Lift

TAUTONYM

Tautonym is that word composed of two identical parts.

Eg: paw-paw

TOPONYM

Toponym is a word derived from a place name.

Eg: cashmere from Kashmir.

 

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