We are going to have a look at a set of words that end with nym and also their meaning. These words indicate the kind or type of a word. To know more about such nuances of English Attend Spoken English classes in Chennai and gain more knowledge in the English language.
Acronym is an abbreviation formed from the initial letters of a series of words. These are basically the names of organizations. It is also known as Protogram or initialism.
Eg: ICC(INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL)
IAS(INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE)
Antonym is a pair of words that are opposite to each other in meaning. It indicates the extremes.
Aptronym is the name of a person that matches its owner’s job or character. It can be either in reality or fiction.
Eg: Arctic explorer ADAM SNOW
hairstylist DAN DRUFF
Autoantonym is a word that has two or more meanings. It is also known as Contranym.
Eg: BILL- invoice or money
FAST- fixed firmly or moving quickly
Autonym is a word that self explains its meaning. It also means as the real name of a person. Its another meaning is that a name by which a social group or race refers to itself.
Eg: 1. NOUN is a noun
Bacronym is the reverse of producing an acronym like taking an existing word and creating a phrase.
Eg: BANANA(Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anybody)
Capitonym is a word that changes its meaning and pronunciation when it is capitalized.
Eponym is that name from which another name or word is derived.
Exonym is a place name used by foreigners that differ from the name used by natives.
Heteronym is one or two words that have the same spelling but different meaning.
Eg: Sewer, Row
Homonym is one or two words that have the same spelling or pronunciation but are different in meaning.
Hyponym is a word that has a more specific meaning than another.
Eg: parrot is a hyponym to birds.
Metonym is a word designates something by the name of something related to it.
Metronym is a name derived from the name of one’s mother.
Oronym is a string of words which is homophonic with another string of words.
Eg: Ice cream- I scream
Paronym is a word from the same root and usually a similar pronunciation
Patronym is a name derived from the name of one’s father.
Pseudonym is an assumed named mostly by an author.
Retronym is an adjective-noun pairing generated by a change in the meaning of the base noun as a result of technological advancement.
Eg: watch became pocket watch due to the invention of the wrist watch.
Synonyms are those words that have the same meaning.
Tautonym is that word composed of two identical parts.
Toponym is a word derived from a place name.
Eg: cashmere from Kashmir.