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What is the difference between weather and climate?

The difference between weather and climate is a measure of time. Weather is what conditions of the atmosphere are over a short period of time, and climate is how the atmosphere “behaves” over relatively long periods of time.

Weather is what the atmosphere does in the short term; hour to hour, day to day. Weather is chaotic, which means that even a microscopic disturbance can lead to large-scale changes. That’s why those ten-day weather forecasts are useless.

Climate is the long-term average of the weather, over a number of years. It’s shaped by global forces that alter the energy balance in the atmosphere, such as changes in the Sun, the tilt of the Earth’s axis, the amount of sunlight the Earth reflects back to space and the concentration of greenhouse gases in the air. A change in any of them affects the climate in ways that are broadly predictable.

A dog’s meandering represents the short-term fluctuations–that’s weather. It’s almost impossible to predict what’ll attract his interest next, but not hard to know what the range of his meandering will be, because the owner is holding him
on a leash. We can’t observe climate directly–all we see is the weather–but the average weather, over the course of years, reveals a pattern. The owner  represent that long-term trend, which is climate

Weather in the English language can be used as an adjective and a verb.

When describing the weather we can say – It is sunny today, It’s hot and humid today. Then it is an adjective.

The weather depicted as a verb – describing this type of weather happening now. – It’s drizzling outside. Take an umbrella, it’s raining.

In spoken English most people commonly ask about the weather by saying:

  • What’s it like out(side)?
  • How’s the weather?
  • What’s the weather like?
  • What’s the temperature?
  • What’s the weather forecast?

While climate in English language is a noun , climatic – when you refer to a country or a zone is an adjective.
 
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